AR Advanced Respiratory HUBDr. Ranjit Singh is a Pulmonologist with specialized expertise in Sleep Apnea, NIV and ILD procedures and has an experience of 18 years in this field. Having laid the foundation of his career in 2001, Dr. Singh has come a long way in terms of professional experience. His present centres of consultation are RTIICS (Kolkata) and Advanced Respiratory Centre (Jharkhand) where one may visit with a prior appointment.. He completed MBBS from Ranchi University in 1996, DM - Pulmonary Medicine from SMS Medical College, Jaipur in 2001 and MRCP from Royal Colleges of Physicians, Uk in 2008. Faculty at CMC Vellore. Trained in interventional Bronchology from France Marsille. MRCP examiner since 2012. Some of the services provided by the doctor are Video Bronchoscopy, Endobronchial Ultrasound (EBUS) and Thoracoscopy, Cryo biopsy in ILD, Debulking of the Tumor, Management of central airways Tumor, Ultrasound chest etc. Diseases like Interstitial lung diseases, Lung cancer, severe COPD, Severe Uncontrolled Asthma.
2000 classification of idiopathic interstitial lung diseases
The 2000 classification consists of seven entities of idiopathic interstitial diseases which are defined on clinical, radiological and pathological criteria: idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis, non-specific interstitial pneumonia, cryptogenic organizing pneumonia, acute interstitial pneumonia, respiratory bronchiolitis associated interstitial lung disease, desquamative interstitial pneumonia and lymphoid interstitial pneumonia. The most frequent is Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis, which has a poor prognosis.
What is a chest infection and what causes it?
This is an infection of the large airways in the lungs (bronchi). Acute bronchitis is common and is often due to a viral infection. Infection with a germ (bacterium) is a less common cause.
This is a serious infection of the lung. Treatment with medicines called antibiotics is usually needed.
How common are chest infections?
Chest infections are very common, especially during the autumn and winter. They often occur after a cold or flu. Anyone can get a chest infection but they are more common in:
Young children and the elderly.
People who smoke.
People with long-term chest problems such as asthma.
What are the symptoms of a chest infection?
The main symptoms are a chesty cough, breathing difficulties and chest pain. You may also have headaches and have a high temperature (fever). The symptoms of an infection of the large airways (bronchi) in the lungs (acute bronchitis) and a serious lung infection (pneumonia) may be similar; however, pneumonia symptoms are usually more severe
Transbronchial lung cryobiopsy in the diagnosis of fibrotic interstitial lung diseases.
TBLC in the diagnosis of f-DPLD appears safe and feasible. TBLC has a good diagnostic yield in the clinical-radiological setting of f-DPLD without diagnostic HRCT features of usual interstitial pneumonia
Blood Eosinophils and Response to Maintenance Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Treatment. Data from the FLAME Trial.
indacaterol/glycopyrronium provides superior or similar benefits over salmeterol/fluticasone regardless of blood eosinophil levels in patients with COPD
The incidence of pneumonia was higher in patients receiving salmeterol/fluticasone than indacaterol/glycopyrronium in both the <2% and ≥2% subgroups
Indacaterol/glycopyrronium was significantly superior to salmeterol/fluticasone for the prevention of exacerbations
Bronchoscopic Lung Cryobiopsy Increases Diagnostic Confidence in
the Multidisciplinary Diagnosis of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis
American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine Volume 193 Number 7 | April 1 2016
BLC is a new biopsy method that has a meaningful
impact on diagnostic confidence in the multidisciplinary
diagnosis of interstitial lung disease and may prove useful in the
diagnosis of IPF.
Oxygen therapy for interstitial lung disease: a systematic review
Eur Respir Rev 2017; 26: 160080
This systematic review showed no effects of oxygen therapy on dyspnoea during exercise in ILD, although exercise capacity was increased.
Can I prevent a chest infection?
There are measures you can take to help prevent chest infection and to stop the spread of it to others. You can pass a chest infection on to others through coughing and sneezing. So if you have a chest infection, it's important to cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze and to wash your hands regularly. Throw away used tissues immediately.
Immunisation against the pneumococcus germ (bacterium) - the most common cause of bacterial pneumonia - and the annual flu (influenza) virus immunisation are advised if you are at increased risk of developing these infections
COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases or chronic bronchitis)
Assessment of the risk of death in this patients depend on their BODE Index B stand for BMI, O- Obstruction depending on FEV1, D - Shortness of breath OR dyspnea using MMRC scale , E - Exercise capacity, measured by 6 minutes walk test 6MWT.This index calculated using a scale of 0 to 3 for each parameter, depending on severity. except BMI scale different < 21 is 0 and more than >21 is 1. BODE score of 7 to 10 falls in the higher chance of mortality.
Other factors have also been associated with increased moribidity and mortality in COPD , For example : acute exacerbation of COPD, Hospitalization, cardiac comorbidities
Survival benefit are smoking cessation and lung volume reduction surgery in selected patients .Oxygen is beneficial who are hypoxemic on room air. None of the medications consistently demonstrated to prolong life.
Diagnostic Yield and Complications of Transbronchial Lung Cryobiopsy for Interstitial Lung Disease. A Systematic Review and Metaanalysis
The diagnostic accuracy of transbronchial lung cryobiopsy cannot be determined given the absence of studies directly comparing cryobiopsy diagnoses with diagnoses derived from surgical lung biopsies interpreted within multidisciplinary discussions. The histopathological and multidisciplinary discussion-based diagnostic yield of transbronchial cryobiopsy appears high, but with variable frequencies of complications dominated by pneumothorax and moderate-to-severe hemorrhage.