COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases or chronic bronchitis)
Assessment of the risk of death in this patients depend on their BODE Index B stand for BMI, O- Obstruction depending on FEV1, D - Shortness of breath OR dyspnea using MMRC scale , E - Exercise capacity, measured by 6 minutes walk test 6MWT.This index calculated using a scale of 0 to 3 for each parameter, depending on severity. except BMI scale different < 21 is 0 and more than >21 is 1. BODE score of 7 to 10 falls in the higher chance of mortality.
Other factors have also been associated with increased moribidity and mortality in COPD , For example : acute exacerbation of COPD, Hospitalization, cardiac comorbidities
Survival benefit are smoking cessation and lung volume reduction surgery in selected patients .Oxygen is beneficial who are hypoxemic on room air. None of the medications consistently demonstrated to prolong life.